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Standard Escrow Agreement

Version as at 28 June 2022

This STANDARD ESCROW Agreement (“AGREEMENT”) is made and entered into,


  1. Sender (“Sender”);

  2. Recipient (“Recipient”) and

  3. ESCROW SG PTE. LTD (Company No. 201919419K ), a company incorporated under the laws of Singapore and having its registered address is at 600 North Bridge Road, #08-01/02 Parkview Square, Singapore 188778 (the “Escrow Agent”), 
    (each a “Party”, and collectively, the “Parties”).


     The Sender and Recipient are desirous of appointing the Escrow Agent for their escrow transaction, and the Escrow Agent is desirous of accepting          the same.


1. Definitions and Interpretation

     1.1 Definitions

          In this Agreement:

          “Business Day” means a day, other than a Saturday, Sunday or gazetted public holiday, on which banks are generally open in Singapore.

          "Escrow Account” has the meaning given to it in Clause 2.3.

          “Escrow Amount” means escrow transaction amount that the Sender wishes to transfer to the Recipient pursuant to their escrow transaction.

     1.2 Interpretation

          In this Agreement:

          (a) headings and bold type are for convenience only and do not affect the interpretation of this Agreement;

          (b) the singular includes the plural, and the plural includes the singular;

          (c) an expression importing a person includes any company, partnership, joint venture, association, corporation, or other body corporate and                       any government agency as well as an individual;

          (d) a reference to a Clause, party, Schedule, or attachment is a reference to a clause of, and a party or schedule or attachment to, this Agreement                 and a reference to this Agreement includes any schedule and/or attachment;

          (e) a reference to any legislation includes all delegated legislation made under it and amendments, consolidations, replacements, or re-                                  enactments of any of them;

          (f) a reference to a document includes all amendments or supplements to, or replacements or novation of, that document;

          (g) a reference to a party to a document includes that party’s successors and permitted assignees;

          (h) no provision of this Agreement will be construed adversely to a party because that party was responsible for the preparation of this                                    Agreement or that provision; and

          (i) a reference to time is a reference to Singapore time.

2. Escrow Agent

     2.1 Appointment of Escrow Agent

           The Sender and Recipient hereby designate and appoint the Escrow Agent as escrow agent in accordance with the terms and conditions of this               Agreement. 

     2.2 Acceptance and Acknowledgment

           The Escrow Agent accepts its designation and appointment as escrow agent on the terms of this Agreement.

     2.3 Establishment of Escrow Account for Fiat Escrow

          The Escrow Agent shall establish a non-interest-bearing demand deposit bank account as the escrow account for the purposes of this                                Agreement (“Escrow Account”), the detail of which is provided in the Escrow SG web application. For the purpose of the escrow transaction, the                Escrow Agent has appointed Watiga Trust Ltd to provide cash custody services and accordingly, the Escrow Account is held in a bank account                    under the name of Watiga Trust Ltd.

          The Escrow Account shall be operated by the Escrow Agent in accordance with the terms of this Agreement until such time that this Agreement              is terminated pursuant to Clause 8.


     Fiat Escrow

     Upon initiating transfer on Escrow SG web application, the Sender shall deposit the Escrow Amount, by wire transfer of immediately available                 funds, with the Escrow Agent in the Escrow Account. The Escrow Amount shall not be subject to any lien, attachment, or any other judicial process         of any creditor of any party hereto. The Escrow Agent shall not distribute or release the Escrow Amount except in accordance with the express                 terms and conditions of this Agreement.

4. Release from Escrow

     4.1 Deposited Escrow Amount

          On receipt of instructions from both the Sender and Recipient on the Escrow SG web application, the Escrow Amount will be released in the                    following manner:

          (a) If both the Sender and Recipient initiate Release instruction and the Recipient initiates Withdraw instruction, the Escrow Agent will release the                Escrow Amount to the Recipient.

          (b) If both the Sender and Recipient initiate Revert instruction and the Sender initiates Withdraw instruction, the Escrow Agent will release the                       Escrow Amount to the Sender.

          (c) If the Sender initiates Release instruction and Recipient initiates Revert instruction or vice versa, the Escrow Amount is in dispute and the                         Escrow Agent will step in.

     4.2 No other release

          The Escrow Agent shall not release any of the Escrow Amounts, except as expressly set out in this Agreement.

5. Responsibility of Escrow Agent

     5.1 The Escrow Agent has only those duties expressly set out in this Agreement.

     5.2 Any implied duties or obligations of the Escrow Agent are excluded to the fullest extent permitted by law.

     5.3 The Escrow Agent shall not be responsible in any manner whatsoever for the correctness of any statements, representations or warranties                      contained in this Agreement or in any document or agreement issued or entered into by the Sender and Recipient. 

     5.4 The Escrow Agent shall be under no duty or obligation to make enquiries of the Sender and/or Recipient, and shall be entitled to rely on                           documents, statements or representations made by the parties to the Escrow Agent. 

     5.5 The Escrow Agent shall not be liable or responsible to the Sender and Recipient for any loss which may occur as a result of the proper exercise                 of its powers and responsibilities under this Agreement.

     5.6 The Escrow Agent will not be liable for any failure or delay in acting upon any communication, by reason of any cause beyond the Escrow Agent's             control, including (without limitation) any breakdown or failure of transmission, or where such transmission is corrupted, lost, delayed or                         incomplete, in any way or form, and for any reason.

6. Fees

     In consideration of the performance of the Escrow Agent’s role under this Agreement, the Sender and/or Recipient agree to pay the Escrow Agent          the amounts set out in the Escrow SG website ( (“Fee”). Notwithstanding anything else herein to the contrary, the Escrow      Agent shall be under no obligation to act (or refrain from acting) under this Agreement if there are any outstanding amounts due and payable by          the Escrow Agent under this Agreement.


     The Escrow Agent may resign at any time upon giving the Sender and Recipient 5 Business Days’ prior written notice of the Escrow Agent’s intention      to do so (“Resignation Notice”). In such an event, a new escrow agent may be appointed by the Sender and Recipient at their sole discretion. In the          event no successor is appointed and acting hereunder within 5  Business Days’ of service of the Resignation Notice by the Escrow Agent on the               Sender and Recipient, the Escrow Agent shall continue to hold the Escrow Account for delivery to such person as the Sender and Recipient may               designate at its sole discretion, or as the Escrow Agent shall be directed by a court of competent jurisdiction.

8. Termination

     This Agreement shall terminate (i) on the final and complete disbursement in full of the Escrow Amount in accordance with Clause 4, (ii) by notice in      writing to the Sender and Recipient, or (iii) by notice in writing by the Escrow Agent pursuant to Clause 7; whichever is the earlier.  


     9.1 Any notice or other communication to or by a party to this Agreement shall be in English in writing and delivered by hand or sent by recorded                 delivery post (or airmail, if the destination is outside the country of origin), or fax or email to the relevant party at its address or number and for             the attention of the individual set out below (or as notified in accordance with this Clause 9 (Notices)).

            (a) The Escrow Agent:

                  Address: 600 North Bridge Road, #08-01/02 Parkview Square, Singapore 188778


                  Facsimile: +65 6725 0752

                  Attention: Director

            (b) The Sender or Recipient

                  Email: As provided on Escrow SG web application

                  Attention: Authorised Person

     9.2 A party may notify the other party of a change to its details specified in Clause 9.1.  The new address shall take effect as against the other                          parties five (5) Business Days after receipt of that notice or such later date as may be specified in the notice.

     9.3 Without evidence of earlier receipt, communications complying with Clause 9.1 are deemed received:

          (a) if delivered by hand, at the time of delivery; or

          (b) if sent by recorded delivery, at 9.00am on the second, or (if sent by airmail) fifth, Business Day after posting; or

          (c) if sent by fax, at the time of transmission; or

          (d) if sent by email, at the earlier of:

               (i) the time a return receipt is generated automatically by the recipient's email server;

               (ii) the time the recipient acknowledges receipt; and

               (iii)24 hours after transmission, unless the sender receives notification that the email has not been successfully delivered, except that if                                 deemed receipt would occur before 9.00am on a Business Day, it shall instead be deemed to occur at 9.00am on that day and if deemed                         receipt would occur after 5.00pm on a Business Day, or on a day which is not a Business Day, it shall instead be deemed to occur at 9.00am                     on the next Business Day.  References in this Clause to a time of day are to the time of day at the location of the recipient.

     9.4 In proving the giving of a communication, it shall be sufficient to prove that delivery was made to the appropriate address, or the                                        communication was properly addressed and posted by prepaid recorded delivery post or prepaid airmail, or the fax was properly addressed                    and transmitted or the email was sent to the appropriate email address and dispatch of transmission from the sender's external gateway was                confirmed as specified pursuant to Clause 9.

     9.5 If a person for whose attention communications must be marked or copied has been specified pursuant to Clause ‎9.1, a communication will be              effective only if it is marked for that person’s attention or copied to that person (as the case may be).

     9.6 This Clause does not apply to the service of any document required to be served in relation to legal proceedings.

10. No Claim

     The Escrow Agent agrees that it shall have no claim and/or rights whatsoever over the the Escrow Amount including, without limitation, in respect of      or by virtue of any right of set-off it may have against monies owed by any of the other parties to the Escrow Agent under this Agreement or                    otherwise.

11. Indemnity

     11.1 The Sender and Recipient hereby agree to indemnify and keep indemnified and hold harmless the Escrow Agent, its employees, directors,                        shareholders, agents and third party service providers (collectively, the “Indemnified Parties”) against any and all demands, claims, liabilities,                   losses, costs, and expenses whatsoever (including all legal and other costs, charges and expenses and bank charges and fees) the Indemnified               Parties may incur or sustain or suffer in connection with, in relation to or arising out of the performance of the obligations under this                                Agreement or otherwise howsoever relating or pursuant to this Agreement, or enforcing or attempting to enforce the Escrow Agent’s rights                      arising in relation to or out of this Agreement or any omission in relation to or pursuant to this Agreement.

     11.2 This Clause shall survive the termination of this Agreement and the termination of the appointment of the Escrow Agent.


12. Further Assurance

     Each Party shall execute such other documents, do such acts and things and take such further actions as may be reasonably required or desirable          to give full effect to the provisions of this Agreement and the escrow transactions hereunder and each Party shall use its best endeavours to                    procure that any necessary third party shall execute such documents, do such acts and things and take such further actions as may be reasonably          required for giving full effect to the provisions of this Agreement and the escrow transactions hereunder.

13. Severability

     If any term of this Agreement or the application of any such term is held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be wholly or partly illegal, invalid, or      unenforceable, the same shall be deemed to be deleted from this Agreement and be no force and effect,
     whereas the other terms hereof shall remain in full force and effect as if such term had not originally been contained in this Agreement. In the               event of such deletion, and if the commercial basis of this Agreement is, whether by reason of any illegality or change in circumstances,                            substantially altered, the Parties shall review and agree on revisions mutually acceptable to them which shall most closely reflect their original               intent and purposes in place of the terms so deleted.

14. Remedies

     No remedy conferred by any of the provisions of this Agreement is intended to be exclusive of any other remedy which is otherwise available at law,      in equity, by statute or otherwise and each and every other remedy shall be cumulative and shall be in addition to every other remedy given                    hereunder or now or hereafter existing at law, in equity, by statute or otherwise. The election of any one or more of such remedies by a Party hereto      shall not constitute a waiver by such Party of the right to pursue other available remedies. No failure on the part of a Party hereto to exercise, and          no delay in exercising any right under this Agreement will operate as a waiver thereof, nor will any single or partial exercise of any right under this          Agreement preclude any other or further exercise of any right thereof or of the exercise of any other right.


15. Force Majeure

     If any Party is rendered unable to carry out the whole or any part of its obligations under this Agreement for any reason beyond the control of that        Party, including but not limited to decrees or restraints by governmental authorities, acts of God, force majeure, strikes, war, riot and any other               causes of such nature, then the performance of the obligations hereunder o that Party or all the Parties, as the case may be, and as they are                    affected by such cause shall be excused during the continuance of any inability so caused, but such inability shall as far as possible be remedied            with all reasonably despatch.

16. Costs

     Except as provided otherwise in this Agreement, each Party shall pay the costs and expenses incurred by it in connection with this Agreement.    

17. Entire agreement

     This Agreement contains the entire agreement between the parties, and replace all previous agreements and understandings between them,                   relating to their subject matter.

18. No reliance

     No Party has relied on any statement by any other party not expressly included in this Agreement.

19. Variation

     No amendment, modification, addition, waiver or termination of any provision of this Agreement shall be effective unless made in writing and               signed by the Parties or their duly authorised representatives (where applicable).

20. THIRD party rights

     A person who is not a party to this Agreement shall have no right under the Contracts (Right of Third Parties) Act (Cap. 53B) of Singapore or                    otherwise to enforce any of its terms.

21. Assignment

     This Agreement shall be binding on and shall ensure for the benefit of each of the Parties, their respective successors and any permitted assignee          or transferee of any or all the Party’s rights or obligations under this Agreement. No Party may transfer or assign any or all its rights, undertakings,        agreements, duties, liabilities and/or obligations hereunder, in whole or in part, without the prior written consent of the other Parties, such consent      not to be unreasonably withheld.

22. Governing Law and Jurisdiction

     This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of Singapore. Any dispute arising out of or in connection with this        contract, including any question regarding its existence, validity, or termination, shall be referred to and finally resolved by arbitration in Singapore        in accordance with the Arbitration Rules of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (“SIAC Rules”) for the time being in force, which rules are        deemed to be incorporated by reference in this clause. The arbitration tribunal shall consist of one arbitrator. The language of the arbitration shall        be English.

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